There is always official doctrine, but it is unusual for the officials to be stupid enough to believe it.
In ’37 Stalin made a hash
Of party loyalists and army brass.
Decimation: One in ten are shot.
What’s the word when one in ten are not?
There is no institution, save the state itself, that guards free expression, and all such self-appointed guardians inevitably become enforcers of orthodoxy.
Fascism has often been popular. Communism has never been popular.
The more plausible the heresy, the more rigorously it must be suppressed.
To fend for oneself in a high civilization demands a certain cognitive minimum; when too many lack it the civilization lowers itself to meet them, and the process is hastened by letting them vote.
I can tolerate punishment for thought crime, but I draw the line at rehabilitation.
It doesn’t matter much which books you burn.
Sympathizers and apologists are first to be sent to the camps. Intransigent opponents are left at large for a while, as a sign of the liberality of the regime and a reminder that stricter measures will be required.
When the numbers don’t come out as you would like, the first resort is to change the way you count; the second is to stop counting.
The distinguished Soviet geneticist Vavilov was unpersoned for refusing to reject heredity in favor of the neo-Lamarckism championed by Lysenko and Stalin, and I feel fortunate to live in a country where nothing like that could ever happen.